Mental health disorders – mental health problems, symptoms and Treatment

Jul 11, 2012 by

Mental health is more than just being free of a mental illness. But today during this busy life there are many types of mental health disorders and mental health problems are affecting human being.

Mental health disorders - mental health problems, symptoms and Treatment

Mental health disorders - mental health problems, symptoms and Treatment

Mental health is more than just being free of a mental illness. But today during this busy life there are many types of mental health disorders and mental health problems are affecting human being. Mental health disorders or mental health problems affect the way you think, feel and behave.

Mental illness is a term that is used to refer to a wide range of mental disorders that can be diagnosed by a health care professional. In this article, mental illness, mental disorders and mental health problems have the same meaning.

Mental health problems affect people in many terms. Mental health problems are the worries all of us experience included in everyday routine to serious long-term conditions. Nevertheless, diagnoses remain probably the most usual method of dividing and classifying symptoms into groups.

According to psychiatrists, mental health Disorders and problems are identified on the basis of their symptoms while the traditional model classifies them as the deviations from the normal behavior thus showing some abnormal characteristics in the human behavior.

These mental health Disorders or problems symptoms are classified as following

  • Neurotic that covers those symptoms which can be regarded as severe forms of ‘normal’ emotional experiences such as depression, anxiety or panic and psychotic.
  • Less common are ‘psychotic’ symptoms, which interfere with a person’s perception of reality, and may include hallucinations such as seeing, hearing, smelling or feeling things that no one else can.

The most common forms of mental illnesses are:

Anxiety disorders

The most common group of mental illnesses. The sufferer has a severe fear or anxiety which is linked to certain objects or situations. Most people with an anxiety disorder will try to avoid exposure to whatever triggers their anxiety. Examples of anxiety disorders include:

  • Panic disorder – the person experiences sudden paralyzing terror or imminent disaster.
  • Phobias – these may include simple phobias – disproportionate fear of objects, social phobias – fear of being subject to the judgment of others, and agoraphobia – dread of situations where getting away or breaking free may be difficult. We really do not know how many phobias people may experience globally – there could be hundreds and hundreds of them.
  • (OCD) Obsessive-compulsive disorder – the person has obsessions and compulsions. In other words, constant stressful thoughts (obsessions), and a powerful urge to perform repetitive acts, such as hand washing (compulsion).
  • PSTD (Post-traumatic stress disorder) – this can occur after somebody has been through a traumatic event – something horrible and scary that the person sees or that happens to them. During this type of event the person thinks that his/her life or other people’s lives are in danger. The sufferer may feel afraid or feel that he/she has no control over what is happening.

Mood disorders

These are also known as affective disorders or depressive disorders. Patients with these illnesses share disturbances or mood changes, generally involving either mania (elation) or depression. Experts say that approximately 80% of patients with depressive disorder improve significantly with treatment. Examples of mood disorders include:

  • Major depression – the sufferer is no longer interested in and does not enjoy activities and events that he/she previously got pleasure from. There are extreme or prolonged periods of sadness.
  • Bipolar disorder – also known as manic-depressive illness, or manic depression. The sufferer oscillates from episodes of euphoria (mania) and depression (despair).
  • Dysthymia – mild chronic depression. Chronic in medicine means continuous and long-term. The patient has a chronic feeling of ill being and/or lack of interest in activities he/she once enjoyed – but to a lesser extent than in major depression.
  • SAD (seasonal affective disorder) – a type of major depression. However, this one is triggered by lack of daylight. People get it in countries far from the equator during late autumn, winter, and early spring.
  • Schizophrenia disorders -Whether or not schizophrenia is a single disorder or a group of related illnesses has yet to be fully determined. It is a highly complex illness, with some generalizations which exist in virtually all patients diagnosed with schizophrenia disorders. Most sufferers experience onset of schizophrenia between 15 and 25 years of age. The sufferer has thoughts that appear fragmented; he/she also finds it hard to process information. Schizophrenia can have negative or positive symptoms. Positive symptoms include delusions, thought disorders and hallucinations. Negative symptoms include withdrawal, lack of motivation and a flat or inappropriate mood. (See the article “What is schizophrenia”)

Adult mental health Disorders and Childhood mental health Disorders

Mental health disorders or mental health problems affect people in both childhood and adult time. These disorders typically aren’t diagnosed until a person is really a young adult, often not until their 20’s as well as 30’s. Most individuals with personality disorders lead pretty normal lives and frequently only seek psychotherapeutic treatment during periods of increased stress or social demands. Running out of energy relate to some or all the personality traits listed; the main difference is it doesn’t affect most people’s daily functioning towards the same degree it could someone diagnosed with one of these simple disorders. Childhood disorders, often called developmental disorders or learning disorders, usually occur and therefore are diagnosed once the child is of school-age. Even though some adults could also relate to a few of the symptoms of these disorders, often the disorder’s symptoms must have first appeared at some stage in the person’s childhood.

Mental Health treatment and Symptoms Diagnosis

Mental health problems are global problems for human being. Diagnosing a mental health condition only works with a qualified health professional. But there are several symptoms that could raise awareness that you have a concern brewing. Learning more about the symptoms of various mental health conditions, and just how they’re diagnosed, will help you better understand should you or perhaps a loved one needs help.

The objective of a diagnosis would be to convey details about a problem and also to suggest some possible solutions. An excessive amount of reading about mental health diagnoses can itself become a problem. For instance, most of us have heard of “medical student syndrome” – when medical students read a lot about diseases they arrived at think that they suffer from one of these. The symptoms which are listed for a lot of mental disorders are symptoms that many people can identify with, a minimum of on the small-scale. Keep a clear head on finding a solution to the problems in your lifetime, instead of on getting the “correct diagnosis”. If a problem gets in the way, then get help.

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